A white bowl with bagels, each topped with sesame seeds or poppy seeds or flaky salt, arranged in a pile

New York Style Bagels in a Steam Oven

A white bowl with bagels, each topped with sesame seeds or poppy seeds or flaky salt, arranged in a pile

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I often have conversations with people about why they should or shouldn’t buy a steam oven, and here’s what it really comes down to: if it means you can cook things you like to eat more easily and faster then it’s a worthwhile investment. My little workhorse oven has been worth every cent on both counts, not least because it inspired this here space on the web.

Safe to say I’m a steam oven convert from way back but if you need more convincing, maybe this will help:

Bagels in a steam oven. Made at home, anytime, in little more than an hour from start to finish.

I know not everyone thinks of bagels as an everyday thing to make at home, and to be honest nor did I. But good bagels are really hard to find in my corner of the world. If we want to eat them I had to come up with a solution which doesn’t involve driving 45 minutes across the city to the only decent bagel bakery in town.

Maybe things are the same where you live (if not, lucky you), so if I said you could easily make chewy-crusted, golden, glossy bagels in your combi steam oven, as good as you can buy almost anywhere, I bet you’d do a little dance.

No? Ok, maybe the dancing is just me returning to the consumption of bread products after weeks of no carbohydrates, but I know I was pretty excited to realise the absolute obvious: having a steam oven at my disposal means I can replicate the boil-then-bake method traditionally used to cook bagels, without the fuss involved in poaching raw dough to give it that characteristic sheen and chewy texture.

Let’s break this down.

You start with a standard white bread dough (all the easier to make if you have a good mixer on hand).

Let it rise for half an hour in your steam oven then shape it into bready little donuts.

Steam the dough for a few minutes, bake for a few more and ta-da! Your very own, very excellent bagels.

All you need is something to put on them. Can I recommend cream cheese blended with raspberries? Or, if you prefer it spicy, cream cheese with a few pickled jalapenos is pretty great too.

These bagels are a great weekend project, especially if you’ve never tried making bread in your steam oven. They will fill your house with warm, toasty aromas and your kitchen with warm, toasty bagels just begging to be eaten. And whether you can buy decent bagels locally or not, there isn’t much which beats the satisfaction of making something yourself from scratch, especially when they taste this good.

Happy steam oven cooking, see you here again soon.

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A white bowl with bagels, each topped with sesame seeds or poppy seeds or flaky salt, arranged on top of one another.
A white bowl with bagels, each topped with sesame seeds or poppy seeds or flaky salt, arranged in a pile.
Print Recipe
4.74 from 41 votes

New York Style Bagels

Freshly baked, chewy, glossy and authentic bagels are less than an hour away with this easy steam oven recipe.
Prep Time5 minutes
Cook Time20 minutes
proving time30 minutes
Total Time55 minutes
Course: Breads, Breakfast, lunch
Cuisine: American
Keyword: bagels, steam oven bagels
Servings: 8
Calories: 213kcal


  • 1 1/4 cups water lukewarm; increase quantity as needed to get the right dough consistency
  • 2 tsp sugar
  • 2 tsp instant yeast
  • 3 1/2 cups unbleached white bread flour plus extra for kneading
  • 1 ½ tsp salt
  • sesame seeds or poppy seeds, flaky salt, caraway seeds, onion flakes or garlic flakes, for topping
  • 1 egg white only, lightly beaten, to stick on toppings


  • Method
  • Put water in the bowl of a stand mixer and sprinkle the sugar and yeast over the top. Leave for 5 minutes until the yeast is beginning to bubble, then add the flour and salt. Mix well with a dough hook until the dough comes cleanly away from the sides of the bowl and is smooth and elastic – about 5-7 minutes. If it’s looking too dry, add just enough extra water for it to come together in a single clean ball.
  • Put the bowl into your steam oven and set the oven to 38⁰C/100⁰F (if you have variable humidity settings, use 100%). Prove the dough for 30 minutes, by which time it should have roughly doubled in size. Remove the dough from the oven and turn it out onto a flour-dusted bench.
  • Set the oven to 100⁰C/212⁰F, steam setting (100% humidity). Line a couple of baking trays with silicone paper and set aside.
  • Gently press and knead the dough to knock it down, then divide into 8 equal portions.
  • Roll each portion into a ball, then use the handle of a wooden spoon to poke a hole in the middle of each dough ball. Gently stretch and pull each piece of dough until the hole is about 5cm/2” in diameter, then put them onto the lined trays – I like to put 4 on each tray, allowing plenty of room for spreading.
  • When all your bagels are shaped, put the trays into the oven and steam for 6 minutes. Remove from the oven and change the setting to 200⁰C/392⁰F, combination steam setting. If you have variable humidity settings, use 50-60% (if not, don't worry! Just select the combi steam setting and the correct temperature, and the oven will work out the humidity for you).
  • While the oven heats, add your preferred toppings to the bagels by brushing each one with a little beaten egg white then sprinkling over seeds, salt or flakes. Or create ‘everything’ bagels by throwing a bit of all the toppings on.
  • Return the bagels to the preheated oven and cook until they are golden brown, shiny and sound hollow when tapped on the bottom – about 12-15 minutes. Allow to cool slightly then eat with whatever fillings you like.


These chewy, dense bagels sit squarely in the New York style bagel camp, as opposed to the Canadian/Montreal style bagels which are smaller, sweeter and use a dough enriched with eggs.
This method calls for a stand mixer and dough hook attachment but you can certainly make the dough by hand if you like. Just mix with a spoon until it starts to come together, then turn it out and knead for 5-10 minutes by hand until it’s smooth and elastic before proceeding with the rest of the steps.


Calories: 213kcal | Carbohydrates: 41g | Protein: 8g | Fat: 2g | Saturated Fat: 1g | Cholesterol: 20mg | Sodium: 447mg | Potassium: 72mg | Fiber: 2g | Sugar: 1g | Vitamin A: 30IU | Calcium: 11mg | Iron: 0.6mg

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Have you got the steam oven bread baking bug now? You can get ready for Easter by baking the Steam Oven Hot Cross Buns; or make one of my all time favourite bread recipes, this Steam Oven Spiced Apricot, Date and Seed Bread. Or heck, just go all out and try the Combi Steam Chocolate, Pecan and Burnt Caramel Monkey Bread recipe. It’s disastrously (for your waistline) wonderful.

21 thoughts on “New York Style Bagels in a Steam Oven”

  1. I have a bread machine and a steam oven with dough proving and bread baking modes. I wanted to not boil the bagels and use the steam oven instead. I am so happy I found this recipe as I can’t wait to try it 🙂

  2. 5 stars
    Amazing recipe! Just tried them in my new steam oven and everything came out perfect to the latter. I am shocked how fast dough risises in the oven… Spectacular results, 1:30 hour from start to eating!

  3. 5 stars
    this recipe alone almost justifies the cost of the steam oven. They came out perfect and easily the best bagel in town. Plus, so easy!

  4. 5 stars
    this recipe alone almost justifies the cost of the steam oven. They came out perfect and easily the best bagel in town. Plus, so easy!

  5. 5 stars
    I made a half batch in a steam only oven, doing the final bake in a separate convection oven. My first time making bagels ever! They were a little under baked. I plan to steam them a little longer and convection cook a little longer. Overall, a thumbs up from the family!

  6. How do you defrost frozen bagels and then cook them, doing both functions in the steam oven. I have a Wolf.

  7. Emily Rhodes

    You can give it a try, but I think they may over-proof if done that way. It’s going to be better to do the first prove in the fridge if you can – you’ll still have to form them in the morning but the quality of the dough will be better (in fact it’ll be improved on the faster same-day approach!).

  8. 5 stars
    I love this recipe. Turns out perfect every time. I’d like to get most of the work done the day before though. Once I shape them, can I put them in the fridge overnight and then carry on with the second steam oven proving and the cooking in the morning?


    5 stars
    This recipe is awesome!!! They came out great and nice easy recipe to follow! I did not change anything and came out so good. Had some everything Bagel seasoning and sesame seeds and out of the 8 that came out 2 disappeared right away, strange,,,

  10. Emily Rhodes

    Yep, I’d definitely be taking a look at the yeast. It should bubble noticeably – if not, it might have died (either because it’s past its use by date, or sometimes extreme temperatures during storage or transport can do it).

  11. mine came out too doughy inside – i followed everything to the letter except i only had coconut sugar (no refined sugar in this house) the yeast never really "bubbled" could that have been the problem??

  12. Frances McCaughan

    Love the recipe. No bagels in England! Only thing I’d say is that mine took more like 20 minutes for the last bake.

  13. Emily Rhodes

    Carol, if your oven is steam assist rather than full combi steam, it won’t do ‘straight’ steaming. In the case of the steaming part of the bagels method, I think I’d boil them instead as 250 will be too hot and too dry to steam them nicely.

  14. Carol Worthen

    My KitchenAid steam assist wall oven won’t do a lower temperature than 250 degrees F for steam. Is that OK for the steaming portion? Should I just do it for less time? Thanks!

  15. Wow! I can’t believe how easy it is to make these great bagels! Thanks so much for this site and for the wonderful tips. Love it!

  16. Thanks for the great recipe Emily! I’ve recently had a combo-steam oven installed, and used to make bagels by boiling them first but this method is so much easier and the results are fantastic! I’ve tried the same method using my tried-and-true recipe from Nigella, and will try making some cinnamon raisin bagels soon too.

  17. Emily Rhodes

    Yes, they were pretty easy, Sue – I can’t believe I didn’t try them out years ago, they’re such a perfect candidate for combi steam baking!

  18. Wow this sounds delicious and very easy to do. I can’t wait to try them out.

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